paulwong

分布式调度QUARTZ+SPRING

使用SPRING的定时任务框架,如果是在分布式的环境下,由于有多台节点,会产生相同的任务,会被多个节点执行,这时需引入分布式的QUARTZ。
触发器:存放时间排程
任务:蔟业务代码
排程器:负责调度,即在指定的时间执行对应的任务

如果是分布式QUARTZ,则各个节点会上报任务,存到数据库中,执行时会从数据库中取出触发器来执行,如果触发器的名称和执行时间相同,则只有一个节点去执行此任务。
如果此节点执行失败,则此任务则会被分派到另一节点执行。

quartz.properties
#============================================================================
#
 Configure JobStore  
#
 Using Spring datasource in quartzJobsConfig.xml
#
 Spring uses LocalDataSourceJobStore extension of JobStoreCMT
#
============================================================================
org.quartz.jobStore.useProperties=true
org.quartz.jobStore.tablePrefix = QRTZ_
org.quartz.jobStore.isClustered = true
org.quartz.jobStore.clusterCheckinInterval = 5000
org.quartz.jobStore.misfireThreshold = 60000
org.quartz.jobStore.txIsolationLevelReadCommitted = true
 
# Change this to match your DB vendor
org.quartz.jobStore.class = org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.JobStoreTX
org.quartz.jobStore.driverDelegateClass = org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.StdJDBCDelegate
 

#============================================================================
#
 Configure Main Scheduler Properties  
#
 Needed to manage cluster instances
#
============================================================================
org.quartz.scheduler.instanceId=AUTO
org.quartz.scheduler.instanceName=MY_CLUSTERED_JOB_SCHEDULER
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.export = false
org.quartz.scheduler.rmi.proxy = false


#============================================================================
#
 Configure ThreadPool  
#
============================================================================
org.quartz.threadPool.class = org.quartz.simpl.SimpleThreadPool
org.quartz.threadPool.threadCount = 10
org.quartz.threadPool.threadPriority = 5
org.quartz.threadPool.threadsInheritContextClassLoaderOfInitializingThread = true


web-schedule-applicationcontext.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi
="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:mongo
="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo"
    xsi:schemaLocation
="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo/spring-mongo-1.3.xsd
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd"
>


    <!-- 增加定时器配置 -->
    <!-- 线程执行器配置,用于任务注册 -->
    <bean id="executor" class="org.springframework.scheduling.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskExecutor">
         <property name="corePoolSize" value="10" />
         <property name="maxPoolSize" value="100" />
         <property name="queueCapacity" value="500" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 设置调度 -->
    <bean id="webScheduler"
        class
="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean">

        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:/properties/config/quartz.properties" />
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSourceCMS" />
        <property name="transactionManager" ref="txManager" />

        <!-- This name is persisted as SCHED_NAME in db. for local testing could 
            change to unique name to avoid collision with dev server 
-->
        <property name="schedulerName" value="quartzScheduler" />

        <!-- Will update database cron triggers to what is in this jobs file on 
            each deploy. Replaces all previous trigger and job data that was in the database. 
            YMMV 
-->
        <property name="overwriteExistingJobs" value="true" />

        <property name="startupDelay" value="5"/>
        <property name="applicationContextSchedulerContextKey" value="applicationContext" />
        <property name="jobFactory">
            <bean class="com.tcl.project7.boss.common.scheduling.AutowiringSpringBeanJobFactory" />
        </property>
        
        <property name="triggers">
              <list>
                       <ref bean="springQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTesterTigger" />
              </list>
         </property>
        <property name="jobDetails">
            <list>
                <ref bean="springQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTesterJobDetail" />
            </list>
        </property>
         <property name="taskExecutor" ref="executor" />

    </bean>


    
    
    
    <!-- 触发器 -->
    <bean id="springQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTesterTigger" class="common.scheduling.PersistableCronTriggerFactoryBean">
        <property name="jobDetail" ref="springQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTesterJobDetail"/>
        <property name="cronExpression" value="* * * * * ?" />    
    </bean>
    
    <bean id="springQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTesterJobDetail" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.JobDetailBean">
        <property name="jobClass" value="common.scheduling.SpringQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTester" />
        
        <!-- fail-over 重写执行失败的任务,default=false -->
        <property name="requestsRecovery" value="false"/>
    </bean>
    
    
    
</beans>


JOB文件:SpringQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTester.java
package common.scheduling;

import java.util.Date;

import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionException;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.QuartzJobBean;

import com.tcl.project7.boss.common.util.UrlUtil;
import com.tcl.project7.boss.common.util.time.TimeUtils;
/**
 * <p>Title:SpringQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTester</p>
 * <p>Description:
 * 应为要持久化等特性操作,需要继承 QuartzJobBean
 * <br>由于要被持久化,所以不能存放xxxxManager类似对象,
 * 只能从每次从QuartzJobBean注入的ApplicationContext 中去取出
 *
 * </p>    
 *
 *
 
*/
public class SpringQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTester extends QuartzJobBean {
    
    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SpringQuertzClusterTaskSchedulerTester.class);
    
    @Autowired
    private UrlUtil urlUtil;
    
    
    protected void executeInternal(JobExecutionContext arg0)
            throws JobExecutionException {
        logger.info("------" + TimeUtils.formatTime(new Date()) + "------" + urlUtil.getNginxHost());
        System.out.println("------" + TimeUtils.formatTime(new Date()) + "------" + urlUtil.getNginxHost());
    }
    
}


如果JOB中有需要调用SPRING的BEAN,则需要此文件AutowiringSpringBeanJobFactory.java
package common.scheduling;

import org.quartz.spi.TriggerFiredBundle;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.AutowireCapableBeanFactory;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SpringBeanJobFactory;

/**
 * Autowire Quartz Jobs with Spring context dependencies
 * 
@see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/6990767/inject-bean-reference-into-a-quartz-job-in-spring/15211030#15211030
 
*/
public final class AutowiringSpringBeanJobFactory extends SpringBeanJobFactory implements ApplicationContextAware {
    
    private transient AutowireCapableBeanFactory beanFactory;
 
    public void setApplicationContext(final ApplicationContext context) {
        beanFactory = context.getAutowireCapableBeanFactory();
    }
 
    @Override
    protected Object createJobInstance(final TriggerFiredBundle bundle) throws Exception {
        final Object job = super.createJobInstance(bundle);
        beanFactory.autowireBean(job);
        return job;
    }
}


由于JOB需要存储到数据库中,会产生PROPERTY的问题,需剔除JOB-DATA,需此文件PersistableCronTriggerFactoryBean.java
package common.scheduling;

import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.JobDetailAwareTrigger;

/**
 * Needed to set Quartz useProperties=true when using Spring classes,
 * because Spring sets an object reference on JobDataMap that is not a String
 * 
 * 
@see http://site.trimplement.com/using-spring-and-quartz-with-jobstore-properties/
 * 
@see http://forum.springsource.org/showthread.php?130984-Quartz-error-IOException
 
*/
public class PersistableCronTriggerFactoryBean extends CronTriggerFactoryBean {
    @Override
    public void afterPropertiesSet() {
        super.afterPropertiesSet();
 
        //Remove the JobDetail element
        getJobDataMap().remove(JobDetailAwareTrigger.JOB_DETAIL_KEY);
    }
}


建表语句,MYSQL:quartzTables.sql
#
# Quartz seems to work best with the driver mm.mysql-2.0.7-bin.jar
#
In your Quartz properties file, you'll need to set 
# org.quartz.jobStore.driverDelegateClass = org.quartz.impl.jdbcjobstore.StdJDBCDelegate
#

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_JOB_LISTENERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_TRIGGER_LISTENERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_FIRED_TRIGGERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_PAUSED_TRIGGER_GRPS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_SCHEDULER_STATE;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_LOCKS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_SIMPLE_TRIGGERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_CRON_TRIGGERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_BLOB_TRIGGERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_TRIGGERS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_JOB_DETAILS;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS QRTZ_CALENDARS;


CREATE TABLE QRTZ_JOB_DETAILS
  (
    JOB_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    DESCRIPTION VARCHAR(250) NULL,
    JOB_CLASS_NAME   VARCHAR(250) NOT NULL,
    IS_DURABLE VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    IS_VOLATILE VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    IS_STATEFUL VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    REQUESTS_RECOVERY VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    JOB_DATA BLOB NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_JOB_LISTENERS
  (
    JOB_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_LISTENER VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP,JOB_LISTENER),
    FOREIGN KEY (JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_JOB_DETAILS(JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_TRIGGERS
  (
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    IS_VOLATILE VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    DESCRIPTION VARCHAR(250) NULL,
    NEXT_FIRE_TIME BIGINT(13) NULL,
    PREV_FIRE_TIME BIGINT(13) NULL,
    PRIORITY INTEGER NULL,
    TRIGGER_STATE VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_TYPE VARCHAR(8) NOT NULL,
    START_TIME BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    END_TIME BIGINT(13) NULL,
    CALENDAR_NAME VARCHAR(200) NULL,
    MISFIRE_INSTR SMALLINT(2) NULL,
    JOB_DATA BLOB NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_JOB_DETAILS(JOB_NAME,JOB_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_SIMPLE_TRIGGERS
  (
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    REPEAT_COUNT BIGINT(7) NOT NULL,
    REPEAT_INTERVAL BIGINT(12) NOT NULL,
    TIMES_TRIGGERED BIGINT(10) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_CRON_TRIGGERS
  (
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    CRON_EXPRESSION VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TIME_ZONE_ID VARCHAR(80),
    PRIMARY KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_BLOB_TRIGGERS
  (
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    BLOB_DATA BLOB NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP),
    FOREIGN KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_TRIGGER_LISTENERS
  (
    TRIGGER_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_LISTENER VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP,TRIGGER_LISTENER),
    FOREIGN KEY (TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
        REFERENCES QRTZ_TRIGGERS(TRIGGER_NAME,TRIGGER_GROUP)
);


CREATE TABLE QRTZ_CALENDARS
  (
    CALENDAR_NAME  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    CALENDAR BLOB NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (CALENDAR_NAME)
);



CREATE TABLE QRTZ_PAUSED_TRIGGER_GRPS
  (
    TRIGGER_GROUP  VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL, 
    PRIMARY KEY (TRIGGER_GROUP)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_FIRED_TRIGGERS
  (
    ENTRY_ID VARCHAR(95) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    TRIGGER_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    IS_VOLATILE VARCHAR(1) NOT NULL,
    INSTANCE_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    FIRED_TIME BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    PRIORITY INTEGER NOT NULL,
    STATE VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL,
    JOB_NAME VARCHAR(200) NULL,
    JOB_GROUP VARCHAR(200) NULL,
    IS_STATEFUL VARCHAR(1) NULL,
    REQUESTS_RECOVERY VARCHAR(1) NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (ENTRY_ID)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_SCHEDULER_STATE
  (
    INSTANCE_NAME VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
    LAST_CHECKIN_TIME BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    CHECKIN_INTERVAL BIGINT(13) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY (INSTANCE_NAME)
);

CREATE TABLE QRTZ_LOCKS
  (
    LOCK_NAME  VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL, 
    PRIMARY KEY (LOCK_NAME)
);


INSERT INTO QRTZ_LOCKS values(
'TRIGGER_ACCESS');
INSERT INTO QRTZ_LOCKS values(
'JOB_ACCESS');
INSERT INTO QRTZ_LOCKS values(
'CALENDAR_ACCESS');
INSERT INTO QRTZ_LOCKS values(
'STATE_ACCESS');
INSERT INTO QRTZ_LOCKS values(
'MISFIRE_ACCESS');


commit;


参考:
http://wenku.baidu.com/view/82e3bcbdfd0a79563c1e7223.html

Quartz集成springMVC 的方案二(持久化任务、集群和分布式)
http://blog.csdn.net/congcong68/article/details/39256307















posted on 2014-11-14 18:46 paulwong 阅读(12684) 评论(0)  编辑  收藏 所属分类: J2EE分布式


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