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在文章开始,请你了解和熟悉openfire方面的相关知识,这样对你理解下面代码以及下面代码的用途有很好的了解。同时,你可能需要安装一个简单的CS聊天工具,来测试你的代码是否成功的在openfire服务器上建立会话链接,并成功的向在线用户发送聊天消息。

必须了解:http://www.cnblogs.com/hoojo/archive/2012/05/17/2506769.html

http://www.cnblogs.com/hoojo/archive/2012/05/13/2498151.html (非windows 系统)

可选:http://www.cnblogs.com/hoojo/archive/2012/05/17/2506845.html

http://www.cnblogs.com/hoojo/archive/2012/06/18/2553975.html

 

聊天软件Spark,用于测试聊天消息发送是否成功,下载地址:http://www.igniterealtime.org/downloads/download-landing.jsp?file=spark/spark_2_6_3.exe

 

然后你需要添加smack相关的jar包

smack.jar
smackx.jar

jar包下载地址:http://www.igniterealtime.org/downloads/download-landing.jsp?file=smack/smack_3_2_2.zip

代码中还用到了junit,junit jar下载地址:http://ebr.springsource.com/repository/app/bundle/version/download?name=com.springsource.org.junit&version=4.8.2&type=binary

 

下面开始代码部分

package com.hoo.smack;
 
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Iterator;
import javax.net.SocketFactory;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.AccountManager;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.Chat;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.ChatManager;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.Connection;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.ConnectionConfiguration;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.MessageListener;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.Roster;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.RosterEntry;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.XMPPConnection;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.XMPPException;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.Message;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.Presence;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.Session;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.Message.Type;
import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
 
/**
 * <b>function:</b> 利用Smack框架完成 XMPP 协议通信
 * @author hoojo
 * @createDate 2012-5-22 上午10:28:18
 * @file ConnectionServerTest.java
 * @package com.hoo.smack.conn
 * @project jwchat
 * @blog http://blog.csdn.net/IBM_hoojo
 * @email hoojo_@126.com
 * @version 1.0
 */
public class SmackXMPPTest {
 
    private Connection connection;
    private ConnectionConfiguration config;
    /** openfire服务器address */
    private final static String server = "192.168.8.32";
    
    private final void fail(Object o) {
        if (o != null) {
            System.out.println(o);
        }
    }
    
    private final void fail(Object o, Object... args) {
        if (o != null && args != null && args.length > 0) {
            String s = o.toString();
            for (int i = 0; i < args.length; i++) {
                String item = args[i] == null ? "" : args[i].toString();
                if (s.contains("{" + i + "}")) {
                    s = s.replace("{" + i + "}", item);
                } else {
                    s += " " + item;
                }
            }
            System.out.println(s);
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * <b>function:</b> 初始Smack对openfire服务器链接的基本配置
     * @author hoojo
     * @createDate 2012-6-25 下午04:06:42
     */
    @Before
    public void init() {
        try {
            //connection = new XMPPConnection(server);
            //connection.connect();
            /** 5222是openfire服务器默认的通信端口,你可以登录http://192.168.8.32:9090/到管理员控制台查看客户端到服务器端口 */
            config = new ConnectionConfiguration(server, 5222);
            
            /** 是否启用压缩 */ 
            config.setCompressionEnabled(true);
            /** 是否启用安全验证 */
            config.setSASLAuthenticationEnabled(true);
            /** 是否启用调试 */
            config.setDebuggerEnabled(false);
            //config.setReconnectionAllowed(true);
            //config.setRosterLoadedAtLogin(true);
            
            /** 创建connection链接 */
            connection = new XMPPConnection(config);
            /** 建立连接 */
            connection.connect();
        } catch (XMPPException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        fail(connection);
        fail(connection.getConnectionID());
    }
    
    @After
    public void destory() {
        if (connection != null) {
            connection.disconnect();
            connection = null;
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * <b>function:</b> ConnectionConfiguration 的基本配置相关信息
     * @author hoojo
     * @createDate 2012-6-25 下午04:11:25
     */
    @Test
    public void testConfig() {
        fail("PKCS11Library: " + config.getPKCS11Library());
        fail("ServiceName: {0}", config.getServiceName());
        // ssl证书密码
        fail("TruststorePassword: {0}", config.getTruststorePassword());
        fail("TruststorePath: {0}", config.getTruststorePath());
        fail("TruststoreType: {0}", config.getTruststoreType());
        
        SocketFactory socketFactory = config.getSocketFactory();
        fail("SocketFactory: {0}", socketFactory);
        /*try {
            fail("createSocket: {0}", socketFactory.createSocket("localhost", 3333));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }*/
    }
    
    /**
     * <b>function:</b> Connection 基本方法信息
     * @author hoojo
     * @createDate 2012-6-25 下午04:12:04
     */
    @Test
    public void testConnection() {
        /** 用户管理 */
        AccountManager accountManager = connection.getAccountManager();
        for (String attr : accountManager.getAccountAttributes()) {
            fail("AccountAttribute: {0}", attr);
        }
        fail("AccountInstructions: {0}", accountManager.getAccountInstructions());
        /** 是否链接 */
        fail("isConnected:", connection.isConnected());
        fail("isAnonymous:", connection.isAnonymous());
        /** 是否有权限 */
        fail("isAuthenticated:", connection.isAuthenticated());
        fail("isSecureConnection:", connection.isSecureConnection());
        /** 是否使用压缩 */
        fail("isUsingCompression:", connection.isUsingCompression());
    }
    
    /**
     * <b>function:</b> 用户管理器
     * @author hoojo
     * @createDate 2012-6-25 下午04:22:31
     */
    @Test
    public void testAccountManager() {
        AccountManager accountManager = connection.getAccountManager();
        for (String attr : accountManager.getAccountAttributes()) {
            fail("AccountAttribute: {0}", attr);
        }
        fail("AccountInstructions: {0}", accountManager.getAccountInstructions());
        
        fail("supportsAccountCreation: {0}", accountManager.supportsAccountCreation());
        try {
            /** 创建一个用户boy,密码为boy;你可以在管理员控制台页面http://192.168.8.32:9090/user-summary.jsp查看用户/组的相关信息,来查看是否成功创建用户 */
            accountManager.createAccount("boy", "boy");
            /** 修改密码 */
            accountManager.changePassword("abc");
        } catch (XMPPException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    @Test
    public void testUser() {
        try {
            /** 用户登陆,用户名、密码 */
            connection.login("hoojo", "hoojo");
        } catch (XMPPException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        /** 获取当前登陆用户 */
        fail("User:", connection.getUser());
        
        /** 所有用户组 */
        Roster roster = connection.getRoster();
        
        /** 好友用户组,你可以用Spark添加用户好友,这样这里就可以查询到相关的数据 */
        Collection<RosterEntry> rosterEntiry = roster.getEntries();
        Iterator<RosterEntry> iter = rosterEntiry.iterator();
        while (iter.hasNext()) {
            RosterEntry entry = iter.next();
            fail("Groups: {0}, Name: {1}, Status: {2}, Type: {3}, User: {4}", entry.getGroups(), entry.getName(), entry.getStatus(), entry.getType(), entry);
        }
        
        fail("-------------------------------");
        /** 未处理、验证好友,添加过的好友,没有得到对方同意 */
        Collection<RosterEntry> unfiledEntries = roster.getUnfiledEntries();
        iter = unfiledEntries.iterator();
        while (iter.hasNext()) {
            RosterEntry entry = iter.next();
            fail("Groups: {0}, Name: {1}, Status: {2}, Type: {3}, User: {4}", entry.getGroups(), entry.getName(), entry.getStatus(), entry.getType(), entry);
        }
    }
    
    @Test
    @SuppressWarnings("static-access")
    public void testPacket() {
        try {
            connection.login("hoojo", "hoojo");
        } catch (XMPPException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
        //Packet packet = new Data(new DataPacketExtension("jojo@" + server, 2, "this is a message"));
        //connection.sendPacket(packet);
        
        /** 更改用户状态,available=true表示在线,false表示离线,status状态签名;当你登陆后,在Spark客户端软件中就可以看到你登陆的状态 */
        Presence presence = new Presence(Presence.Type.available);
        presence.setStatus("Q我吧");
        connection.sendPacket(presence);
        
        Session session = new Session();
        String sessid = session.nextID();
        connection.sendPacket(session);
        /** 向jojo@192.168.8.32 发送聊天消息,此时你需要用Spark软件登陆jojo这个用户,
         * 这样代码就可以向jojo这个用户发送聊天消息,Spark登陆的jojo用户就可以接收到消息
         **/
        /** Type.chat 表示聊天,groupchat多人聊天,error错误,headline在线用户; */
        Message message = new Message("jojo@" + server, Type.chat);
        //Message message = new Message(sessid, Type.chat);
        message.setBody("h!~ jojo, I'am is hoojo!");
        connection.sendPacket(message);
        
        try {
            Thread.sleep(1);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * <b>function:</b> 测试聊天消息管理类
     * @author hoojo
     * @createDate 2012-6-25 下午05:03:23
     */
    @Test
    public void testChatManager() {
        /** 设置状态 */
        try {
            connection.login("hoojo", "hoojo");
        } catch (XMPPException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
        /** 设置状态 */
        Presence presence = new Presence(Presence.Type.available);
        presence.setStatus("Q我吧");
        connection.sendPacket(presence);
        
        /** 获取当前登陆用户的聊天管理器 */
        ChatManager chatManager = connection.getChatManager();
        /** 为指定用户创建一个chat,MyMessageListeners用于监听对方发过来的消息  */
        Chat chat = chatManager.createChat("jojo@" + server, new MyMessageListeners());
        try {
            /** 发送消息 */
            chat.sendMessage("h!~ jojo……");
            
            /** 用message对象发送消息 */
            Message message = new Message();
            message.setBody("message");
            message.setProperty("color", "red");
            chat.sendMessage(message);
        } catch (XMPPException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        try {
            Thread.sleep(1000 * 1000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * <b>function:</b> 消息监听器,用户监听对方发送的消息,也可以想对方发送消息
     * @author hoojo
     * @createDate 2012-6-25 下午05:05:31
     * @file SmackXMPPTest.java
     * @package com.hoo.smack
     * @project jwchat
     * @blog http://blog.csdn.net/IBM_hoojo
     * @email hoojo_@126.com
     * @version 1.0
     */
    class MyMessageListeners implements MessageListener {
        public void processMessage(Chat chat, Message message) {
            try {
                /** 发送消息 */
                chat.sendMessage("dingding……" + message.getBody());
            } catch (XMPPException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            /** 接收消息 */
            fail("From: {0}, To: {1}, Type: {2}, Sub: {3}", message.getFrom(), message.getTo(), message.getType(), message.toXML());
            /*Collection<Body> bodys =  message.getBodies();
            for (Body body : bodys) {
                fail("bodies[{0}]", body.getMessage());
            }
            //fail(message.getLanguage());
            //fail(message.getThread());
            //fail(message.getXmlns());*/
            fail("body: ", message.getBody());
        }
    }
}

好了,这些都是smack的基本功能,还有更多的东西需要研究,下次有机会再分享!



作者:hoojo
出处:
blog:http://blog.csdn.net/IBM_hoojo
         http://hoojo.cnblogs.com
本文版权归作者和博客园共有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须保留此段声明,且在文章页面明显位置给出原文连接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。


版权所有,转载请注明出处 本文出自:
分享道版权所有,欢迎转载,转载请注明出处,谢谢
posted on 2012-06-25 17:41 hoojo 阅读(8756) 评论(2)  编辑  收藏 所属分类: JavaSERCP【富客户端技术】RIA 【富互联网程序】Operfire/XMPP

评论:
# re: Smack 结合 Openfire服务器,建立IM通信,发送聊天消息 2014-05-13 16:14 | 小学校
小学校  回复  更多评论
  
# re: Smack 结合 Openfire服务器,建立IM通信,发送聊天消息 2014-07-15 17:34 | sds
fuck  回复  更多评论
  

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