2009年8月29日

英文里动词是一个句子中不可缺少的部分。
1.完全及物动词
动词加了宾语后意思很完全。
形态:
主语+完全及物动语+宾语
I love her.
Don't hit me.
主语+be动词+现在分语+宾语
I am pulishing him.
主语+be动语+过去分语
He was hit.
2.完全不及物动词
形态:
主语+完全不及物动词
He ran.
主动+be动词+现在分词
He was running.
3.不完全不及物动词 例如:be动语
主语+不完全不及物动语+补语
He becomes handsome.
He got mad/angry/hungry
He got hurted/killed.
He face turned pale.
The leaves are turning yellow.
4.不完全及物动词
I make him wash the car. make/have sb do sth(动词原型)
get sb to do sth
let sb do sth
I let him sing a song.
let up雨停了
I have a house to let.我有房子要出租

I will force him to do it.
That story cause me to cry.

5.受予动词
I gave him a car.
give后跟的是双宾语,第一个间接宾语(通常是人或对象),第二个直接宾语(通常是事或物)
tell,lend
I gave a book to him.
I teach english to him.
I bought a book for him.
I made a chair fom him.

posted @ 2009-08-30 21:35 在从未放弃的路上 阅读(130) | 评论 (0)编辑 收藏

在英文里,动语不能直接做主语,要变为动名词或者不定式短语。
例如:
Working with him is interesting.
To learn engish with peter is fan.
动名词用于做有经验的事情。
不定式用于没有实现的事情,例如计划,设想等。

如果不定式短语做为主语过长,可以虚的主语,it来代替,不定式短语放在句尾。
例如:
It it my plan to study aboard with very good friend of mine whose call jone.

中文里可以用句子做主语,而英文里不可以,要将句子变为名词从句。
句子前面加一个连词that,构成名词从句。
例如:
That she loves me is ture.
That he doesn't agree with me makes me angry.
It makes me angry that he doesn't agree with me.

posted @ 2009-08-29 20:37 在从未放弃的路上 阅读(2726) | 评论 (0)编辑 收藏


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