2.安装mysql 5 - 利用ports安装
make install clean # n长的编译过程
chown -R mysql /var/db/mysql/
chgrp -R mysql /var/db/mysql/
/usr/local/bin/mysqld_safe -user=mysql &
The port installation will put a script file mysql-server.sh
in /usr/local/etc/rc.d which will has capability to start MySQL server.
To enable MySQL server to start automatically after every FreeBSD
server reboot, enter the following command in CLI:
echo ‘mysql_enable=”YES”‘ >> /etc/ rc.conf
mysqladmin -u root password newpassword (改变root帐户密码）
MySQL 5.0 installation done.
3.安装 Apache Web Server 2.2
Install Apache HTTP Server 2.20 by using FreeBSD Ports Collection:
make install clean
A Apache HTTP Server script apache22.sh is located at
/usr/local/etc/rc.d to provide Apache HTTP Server start and shutdown .
service. To enable Apache web server to automatically starts whenever
after server reboots, issue the following command at CLI:
echo ‘apache22_enable =”YES”‘ >> /etc/ rc.conf
To start Apache HTTP web server immediately, use:
Apache installation finished.
4.Installing PHP Hypertext Preprocessor Scripting Language 5 and PHP 5 Extensions
Install by enter the following commands on FreeBSD OS command line,
wait for previous command to finish before running the next command: cd /usr/ports/lang/php5
make install clean
If you’re prompted, select “use Apache 2.x instead”.
Continue with the following commands to install PHP5 extensions and modules to enable the support of the modules in Apache:
At Options for php5-extension 1.0 menu, select all PHP
extensions and modules that you may use with Apache webserver. This is
a part of the configuration for PHP, where you need to enable features
of PHP that come in modules, such as ability to manage user sessions,
interface with databases and many others. Default extensions such as
ctype functions support, HASH Message Digest Framework support, session
support and etc have been selected. Other popular extensions that you
most likely to be in used are MySQL database support and GD library
support. Use space bar to select or unselect the extensions and press
Enter when done.
Continue the installation of php5-extensions with the following commands:
make install clean
If there are any message the pops up and prompts you to select
some options or configurations, you can just accept the default
settings by pressing Enter. Some modules that may prompt you for action
include php5-gd, php5-mbstring and php5-sqlite.
Edit the Apache configuration file in order to enable Apache web server to load the PHP modules when initialization:
Go to Apache configuration file location by cd /usr/local/etc/apache2/
Edit Apache configuration file by vi httpd.conf
Search for LoadModule lines, after the last LoadModule line, but within the same section, add the following 2 lines:
AddType application/x- httpd-php .php
AddType application/x- httpd-php-source .phps
Optionally, copy /usr/local/etc/php.ini-recommended or
/usr/local/etc/php.ini-dist to /usr/local/etc/php.ini (in same
directory), which will enable you to tune and change the default
settings of behaviours of PHP.
Start the Apache HTTP web server by using apachectl start
(or restart Apache HTTP web server by using apachectl restart).
apachectl is located in /usr/local/sbin, if you encounter Command not
found problem, try to change directory to its location.
PHP5 installation done. 。
A web server has been setup with the FreeBSD with Apache, MySQL and
PHP. The document root of the web server (where you should put your
HTML and PHP files is at /usr/local/www/apache22/data/ and you will
need a SecureFTP (SFTP) client such as WinSCP to upload your files to
web server securely.
在 FreeBSD 下安装 apache22 会出现类似的 warming:
No such file or directory: Failed to enable the 'httpready' Accept Filter
#kldload accf_http并在 /boot/defaults/loader.conf 中加入下面 2 行，以便下次启动自动装载模块
[root@freebsd ~]# apachectl -t
httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using freebsd.web for ServerName