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在浮躁的年代里,我们进取心太切,患得患失;虚荣心太强,战战兢兢。一心争强好胜,惟恐榜上无名。
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      只能说IE有太多臭名昭著的BUG,让我头疼不已。数本关于页面标准的经典大作上也毫不留情的把IE批的一钱不值,我想大师们也是痛恨的。下拉框可以说是最著名的之一,不知道为啥它总要在最上面,匪夷所思。我一般的做法是需要的时候直接把页面内所有select全visibility:hidden了,注意在这里display:none是个很危险的操作,至于为什么大家自己琢磨它们的区别吧。

      最近一个朋友做个menu必须要覆盖select,没办法只有用下面这个方法。

转载自:http://dotnetjunkies.com/WebLog/jking/archive/2003/07/21/488.aspx

It was about 1 year ago that Coalesys released the first WebMenu 2.0 beta.  At that time we began demonstrating a technique for overlaying windowed controls in Internet Explorer.

In case you don't already know, windowed controls in IE will always cover DHTML layers.  That means if you have a DIV that pops up or floats on the page and it intersects with a windowed control (such as the common SELECT box), the windowed control will obscure the DIV, no matter what zIndex you have set for each element.  More information is available in this Microsoft KB article.

The initial solution adopted by most developers who cared about such things (including ourselves) was to dynamically hide windowed controls when it was necessary to display the DIV over them.  Far from being a perfect solution, it was better than the alternative of doing nothing at all.

It did have one very frustrating aspect.  People who evaluated WebMenu didn't understand why their select boxes would disappear.  And we are talking much more than just ASP.NET developers, as we produce WebMenu for ASP, as well as general web development.  It seemed like every day we received a support question, "I found a bug in WebMenu. The select boxes are disappearing".  And although we did provide the ability to turn the feature off, nobody really bothered once they understood the nature of the issue.

Then, as luck would have it, a developer called who wanted to use our product for it's broad set of features, but who absolutely needed to have the menu appear over some windowed objects.  What was unique about his call was that he had the idea for a solution and shared it with us.  While we didn't use the full scope of his idea, we were able to take from it what we needed to cover windowed controls in IE 5.5.  So, enough yacking.  You probably surfed here to read about the solution.  And here it is:

IFRAME

The IFRAME control has a unique nature in IE 5.5.  It can exist in both the zIndex of windowed controls and the zIndex of regular HTML elements.  Simply put, you can shim an IFRAME under your DIV. The IFRAME will block out the windowed control.

Set up your IFRAME:

<IFRAME style="DISPLAY: none; LEFT: 0px; POSITION: absolute; TOP: 0px" src="javascript:false;" frameBorder="0" scrolling="no"></IFRAME>

The src attribute is set with a useless JavaScript statement so that the IFRAME does not try to load a page (which you won't notice it doing, but it will be the cause for tripping the "Unsecured Items" message if you use it on a HTTPS page).

You can code your IFRAME as a static element on the page, or if you are going to be using more than one of them you may want to dynamically create them as required.  The insertAdjacentHTML() method is good for that.

Now, all that is needed is to size the IFRAME according to the dimensions of your DIV, position it, place it one layer beneath the DIV in the zIndex order and make it "visible".  The IFRAME's style object will allow you to do these tasks:

iframe.style.top
iframe.style.left
iframe.style.width
iframe.style.height
iframe.style.zIndex
iframe.style.display

What about transparency?

If the DIV has transparent areas, you'll want those areas to punch through the IFRAME to the page background.  There are two ways you can make an IFRAME transparent.  The one that works for this situation is to set the style object's filter property:

iframe.style.filter='progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(style=0,opacity=0)';

This in effect makes the entire IFRAME transparent, but it will still block out the windowed controls.  The other technique, which uses the IFRAME element's ALLOWTRANSPARENCY attribute, actually pertains to making the interior page background of the IFRAME transparent, so that any content inside the IFRAME can have transparency.  However, this mode changes the nature of the IFRAME and it no longer serves our purpose for blocking out windowed controls.

What about IE versions prior to 5.5?

The IFRAME's unique nature surfaced only in IE 5.5.  Prior to this, IFRAMEs where straight windowed controls themselves.  That means they could get above other windowed controls, but no HTML element (like the DIV) could be seen above them.  There is a solution, but it involves a lot of effort to get working.  You can dynamically write the content of your DIV into the IFRAME itself, get it sized appropriately based on the dimensions of the original DIV, and then just move it around as your absolutely positioned element.  There are a couple of caveats:

1.  The IFRAME, like any frame,  has it's own JavaScript environment.  If you want DHTML actions in the IFRAME to integrate with the JavaScript functions in your main page, you will have to bridge the gap between the two JavaScript environments.

2.  Mouse events, such as OnMouseOut and OnMouseOver, can be called out of logical order when the mouse moves between frames in IE 4 and 5.  This problem is compounded when you are using timers and need to precisely control their execution and cancellation via mouse events.

Our original WebMenu 2.0 beta used this technique successfully for IE 4 and 5, but in looking forward to adding new features to the product, we could see that this solution "over-worked the plumbing" to a great extent.  The "shim" technique compatible only with IE 5.5 had zero architectural impact and was chosen for this reason.  You can still hide windowed elements in earlier browsers as an acceptable solution.


      还有一篇中文的,在google里很多,我也不知道哪个是原作,如果是您,请通知我我会立即加上链接:)

下拉框,即html的SELECT元素,.net设计时的DropDownList,是html中的windowed element,尤其ie6之后,几乎是唯一的windowed element(还有popup等少量极少用的的)。

普通的元素,textbox, div, table……这些,属于windowless element,它们之间互相遮盖的情况由z-index决定,在它们之上,是SELECT这些windowed element。所以一般情况下div、table等不能遮盖select。

这个问题广泛存在于各种弹出式控件的使用之中,比如日历控件等。

如果要显示div,以前的做法是,动态的,在显示的时候,让div区域的select不可见,div消失的时候,再恢复这些select元素。这种做法比较奇怪,因为它严格上并不是“遮盖”了select,而是,让她整个消失了,如果calendar弹出元素只是应该遮盖select元素的一部分,但select却整个不见,用户也许会觉得奇怪;做起来也麻烦,要用js逐一判断各select的位置。

ie5.5之后,有一个新的小技巧,称之为“iframe shim”(iframe加塞:p),可以真正的“遮盖”select元素。

它利用了一种特殊的元素:iframe。在ie5.5之前,iframe也是windowed element,但从5.5开始,iframe就是普通的windowless element了,可是,虽然是windowless element,iframe却可以盖住select。这种做法的原理就是:放一个iframe与你要显示的东西(比如说一个div)同样大小、位置,并设置z-index使得iframe在此DIV之下;这样,iframe遮盖了select,同时,iframe又在要显示的div的下面,div就露出来了。

限制:仅适用于ie5.5及以后版本。

参考文章链接:
http://dotnetjunkies.com/WebLog/jking/archive/2003/07/21/488.aspx

示例程序代码:
//html.select.hack.iframe shim.htm
<html>
<head>
<script>
function DivSetVisible(state)
{
var DivRef = document.getElementById('PopupDiv');
var IfrRef = document.getElementById('DivShim');
if(state)
{
DivRef.style.display = "block";
IfrRef.style.width = DivRef.offsetWidth;
IfrRef.style.height = DivRef.offsetHeight;
IfrRef.style.top = DivRef.style.top;
IfrRef.style.left = DivRef.style.left;
IfrRef.style.zIndex = DivRef.style.zIndex - 1;
IfrRef.style.display = "block";
}
else
{
DivRef.style.display = "none";
IfrRef.style.display = "none";
}
}
</script>
</head>
<body background="http://www.orkut.com/img/i_blau2.gif">
<form>
<select>
<option>A Select Box is Born ....</option>
</select>
</form>
<div
id="PopupDiv"
style="position:absolute;font:italic normal bolder 12pt Arial; top:25px; left:50px; padding:4px; display:none; color:#ffff00; z-index:100">
.... and a DIV can cover it up<br>through the help of an IFRAME.
</div>
<iframe
id="DivShim"
src="javascript:false;"
scrolling="no"
frameborder="0"
style="position:absolute; top:0px; left:0px; display:none;filter=progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(style=0,opacity=0);">
</iframe>
<br>
<br>
<a href="#" onclick="DivSetVisible(true)">Click to show DIV.</a>
<br>
<br>
<a href="#" onclick="DivSetVisible(false)">Click to hide DIV.</a>
</body>
</html>

posted on 2007-04-01 17:52 cresposhi 阅读(2575) 评论(11)  编辑  收藏

FeedBack:
# re: How to cover an IE windowed control (Select Box, ActiveX Object, etc.) with a DHTML layer. 【转载】 2007-04-12 12:00 砸碎单份
看不懂,句子不通顺,不如英文原文清楚  回复  更多评论
  
# re: How to cover an IE windowed control (Select Box, ActiveX Object, etc.) with a DHTML layer. 【转载】 2007-04-12 12:03 cresposhi
@砸碎单份
啊。。。我这个就是转载的英文原文啊  回复  更多评论
  
# re: How to cover an IE windowed control (Select Box, ActiveX Object, etc.) with a DHTML layer. 【转载】 2007-04-30 00:01 Iwishyou2
好了,现在的IE7出来了, 修复了这个bug。 不过我平时上网实在很少用IE, 除了公司写代码测试的时候要用IE, 一个因为他不安全, 老是带来各种病毒或者流氓软件, 二是它速度却是不敢恭维 。。。。。。  回复  更多评论
  
# re: How to cover an IE windowed control (Select Box, ActiveX Object, etc.) with a DHTML layer. 【转载】 2007-04-30 23:45 cresposhi
呵呵,但是用户应该还是IE居多吧,可能现在用IE6,IE7的都比较多,以前最主要考虑IE和FF,现在又来个IE7,又加大了开发的成本,哎  回复  更多评论
  
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